Croton on Hudson
The historic village of Croton-on-Hudson is located thirty five miles north of New York City and runs eight miles along the shoreline of the Hudson River. Situated at the confluence of the Croton and Hudson Rivers, the topography of the village affords dramatic views of Haverstraw Bay and the Croton River Gorge. The village was formally incorporated in the Town of Cortlandt in 1898, but its history begins much earlier.
The village’s history dates back to the 17th century, and archaeological evidence indicates that it was populated by Native Americans as early as 4950 BC. A 1718 census reports 91 inhabitants, including Dutch settlers and English Quakers, who farmed or worked on the mills that were developing along the Croton River.
By the 19th century, shipping, ship-building and manufacturing had become the predominant industries, along with work on the railroad and construction of the Croton and New Croton Dams and the New Croton Aqueduct. Construction began on the dam in 1837 and lasted 15 years, providing many jobs for Irish immigrants who emigrated to escape the potato famines. It is estimated that at one point 10,000 laborers were working on the project. This influx of immigrants significantly increased the population of the village and surrounding areas, so that by the time of its incorporation in 1898, the population had grown to 1,000, then to over 1,700 only a few years later. Today there are over 8,000 residents.
This picturesque and historic village is characterized by beautiful vistas, riverfront parks and extensive wooded areas. Known as an artists colony, this best kept secret has quickly become THE hot spot of Westchester.